Managing Merchant Cash Advance Repayments During Fluctuations in Card Sales

merchant cash advance repayments

If my card sales go down how does this affect my repayments?

In the realm of business finance, entrepreneurs often seek innovative solutions to meet their capital requirements. One such alternative gaining popularity is the Merchant Cash Advance (MCA), a unique approach to securing funds for small and medium-sized enterprises. This article explores the dynamics of Merchant Cash Advances, shedding light on their functioning, benefits, and drawbacks.

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Understanding Merchant Cash Advances

A Merchant Cash Advance involves providing a lump sum to a business in exchange for a percentage of its daily credit card sales, accompanied by a fee. Unlike conventional loans, Merchant Cash Advances don't follow a fixed repayment schedule; instead, they rely on a daily percentage of the business's credit card transactions.

How Merchant Cash Advances Work

Application Process:

  • Business owners submit an application to a Merchant Cash Advance provider.
  • The provider assesses credit card sales and determines the advance amount.
  • Terms, including the repayment percentage and fees, are agreed upon before funds are disbursed.

Repayment Structure:

  • Repayment occurs through a percentage of daily credit card sales.
  • Higher sales result in larger repayments, providing flexibility during slower periods.
  • Payments are automatically deducted from credit card transactions.


  • Swift Access to Funds: Quick application and approval compared to traditional loans.
  • Flexible Repayment: Proportional repayments align with business sales fluctuations.
  • No Collateral Requirement: Typically unsecured, eliminating the need for collateral.

Despite their advantages, businesses should carefully assess costs and terms before opting for Merchant Cash Advances. Comprehensive research and financial consultation aid in making informed decisions aligned with long-term goals.

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Illustrative Example of a Cash Advance

Consider Sarah, a retail business owner facing a temporary cash flow gap. Needing funds for holiday inventory, she explores a Merchant Cash Advance for rapid financing.

Application Process:

  • Sarah applies for a Merchant Cash Advance, submitting business details and credit card sales history.
  • Provider approves a £20,000 advance with specified terms.

Funds Disbursement:

  • Upon acceptance, the provider disburses £20,000 to Sarah's account.

Repayment Structure:

  • Repayment is based on 15% of daily credit card sales.
  • If daily sales reach £1,000, £150 is automatically deducted.
Total Repayment:
  • With a factor rate of 1.3, total repayment equals £26,000.

This simplified scenario illustrates the Merchant Cash Advance process, emphasising the importance of reviewing terms. Actual terms can vary, requiring businesses to scrutinise agreements for comprehensive understanding.

Adapting to Fluctuations in Card Sales

A critical consideration for businesses utilising Merchant Cash Advances is managing repayments during fluctuations in credit card sales. If sales decline, repayments decrease, offering relief during lean periods. However, it's crucial to monitor cash flow, ensuring that daily deductions remain manageable.

Steps to Obtain a Merchant Cash Advance

Obtaining a Merchant Cash Advance involves a systematic approach:

Determine Eligibility:

  • Assess eligibility based on credit card sales volume and business metrics.

Research Providers:

  • Explore multiple Merchant Cash Advance providers, comparing terms and reputation.

Gather Documentation:

  • Prepare necessary documents, such as bank statements and financials.

Submit Application:

  • Complete the application process, providing required information.

Review and Accept Terms:

  • Evaluate the offer, understanding the factor rate and repayment structure.
  • Negotiate terms if possible and accept the offer if satisfied.

Funds Disbursement:

  • Upon acceptance, funds are disbursed for immediate use.

Repayment Setup:

  • Collaborate with the provider to establish the automatic repayment structure.

Monitor and Adjust:

  • Regularly monitor credit card sales and repayment.
  • Some providers allow adjustments based on business performance.

Merchant Cash Advances offer a unique financing avenue for businesses, providing quick access to capital. However, businesses must navigate the associated costs, terms, and potential fluctuations in card sales. Thorough understanding, proactive monitoring, and exploring alternative financing options ensure a strategic and informed approach to capital management.

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